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Time to process Express Entry Profile

A profile for Express Entry is good for a year at most. Candidates can anticipate that six months after acquiring an ITA, the Canadian government will begin processing their applications for permanent residency. The government starts to estimate the processing time after it receives a fully completed permanent residence application.

Once a choice is made regarding the application, the processing period is over. If an applicant is still eligible and has not received an ITA after a year of submitting their profile on the portal, they can quickly resubmit their Express Entry profile.

Canadian Experience Class

  • for skilled workers who have Canadian work experience
  • work experience must have been gained in the 3 years before you apply

Federal Skilled Worker program

  • for skilled workers with Foreign work experience 
  • must meet criteria for education and other factors

Federal Skilled Trades Program

  • for skilled workers who are qualified in a skilled trade
  • must have a valid job offer or a certificate of qualification

If you’re eligible for one of the above programs, you can also apply through Express Entry for the Provincial Nominee Program (PNP) . If you’re nominated, you’ll get extra points so you can be invited to apply quickly.

Express Entry Process

There are two main stages to Express Entry, which is quite straightforward. Candidates who qualify for Express Entry Canada need to communicate their interest in becoming Canadian permanent residents to the Canadian government in the first significant stage. The top candidates are invited to immigrate to Canada in the second stage by the Canadian government.

Here is a step by step guide.


Determine your Express Entry eligibility as the first step.


Clear your language exams <learn more for language; link to page 9> and get an evaluation of your educational credentials (ECA) <learn more for education; link to page 3>


Get you documents ready for submitting the profile <learn more; link to page 4>


Upload your profile to Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada's website (IRCC)


Wait for Immigration and Refugee Council (IRCC) to send you an invitation to apply (ITA) <learn more for ITA; link to page 5> for permanent residence


Complete your Application for Permanent Residence (APR) and submit it to IRCC together with your fee payment by the due date


When IRCC requests it, submit your biometric data.


Await IRCC's final decision on your Authorized Paid Representative portal. IRCC tries to process candidate applications in six months or less. If your approval is granted, you will be issued Confirmation of Permanent Residence (COPR) so that you can travel to Canada for landing.

Cost of Express Entry

It is free to submit an Express Entry profile to the government pool of qualified candidates. Candidates must, however, pay some fees before submitting their Express Entry profile.

Before submitting an Express Entry profile, you may incur the following costs

English or French language exam administered by a language-testing organisation approved by the Canadian government Educational Credential Assessment Fees if any documents must be translated into English or French.

Following receipt of an ITA

You will incur the following government fees and costs:

  • Fees charged by the Canadian government to process permanent residence applications
  • Medical examination 
  • Background investigation by the police 
  • Fee for biometrics

Express Entry Permanent Residence fees

  • The processing fee for your application ($850) and the right to permanent residence fee ($515) - $1,365
  • Fees for processing a spouse or partner ($850) and the right to permanent residence ($515) - $1,365
  • Include a dependent child at a cost of $230. (per child)

Family immigration with Express Entry

You can include your partner, or common-law partner in Express Entry. Additionally, you may include your own dependent children as well as the dependent children of your spouse or common-law partner. If you are granted permanent residence through Express Entry, your accompanying family members will also be granted permanent residence.

Difference between PNP and Express Entry

The federal government, as well as the provinces and territories, are allowed to run their own immigration programmes in Canada. However, whether a candidate is granted permanent residence is ultimately decided by the federal government.

Three of the several economic immigration programmes run by the federal government are managed through Express Entry.

Provinces and territories can inform the federal government that an immigrant candidate satisfies the economic needs of their region through the Provincial Nominee Program (PNP). Such candidates receive a provincial nomination, which they can submit with their federal application for permanent residency.

The single most important factor for Express Entry's CRS is a provincial nomination, which awards an additional 600 points to the candidate's CRS score and all but ensures that they will be granted an Invitation to Apply (ITA).

Even if an Express Entry candidate does not originally have a high enough ranking score to acquire an ITA from the federal government, they may receive a nomination from a province or territory through Express Entry, boost their CRS score by 600 points, and then receive an ITA from the federal government during the following Express Entry pool draw.

Information Centre

Royal Canadian Immigration brings you the latest updates on the developments in Canadian Immigration Programs.

Express Entry draw 23rd Nov

Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada (IRCC) has issued 4,750 invites to candidates in the...

4,750 candidates were invited in the latest all-program Express Entry draw on November 9

This is the tenth all-program Express Entry draw this year. Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship...

Canada’s immigration department switch to the 2021 version of the National Occupational Classification (NOC) system on November 16, 2022.

The new NOC will change eligibility for some of Canada’s immigration programs including Exp...

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