|H1-B VISA||PERMANENT RESIDENCY VISA|
|Visa holder has to leave US if he/she has been laid-off or if the company shuts down.||Residents are free to take their own time to find another job.|
|Visa holders have to go back to their country if their Green Cards are not applied for before the 6-year limit on their H1-B expires.||Residents receive a Permanent Residency Visa, which is similar to US Green Card when they land in Canada.|
|Visa holders face visa renewal risk when returning from traveling to another country.||Residents are allowed to travel abroad as frequently as they wish.|
|Visa holder cannot change his/her sponsoring employer.||Residents can change employers and locations at any time.|
|Visa holders are not permitted to start their own businesses.||Residents can own businesses of their choice.|
|Visa holders cannot sponsor dependents other than spouse or children.||Residents can sponsor other family members who are dependent on them.
(parents, brothers, sisters)
|Spouse of visa holder has to arrange for sponsorship from potential employers
to work in US.
|Spouse of resident also receives a Permanent Residency Visa. Therefore he/she
is also free to work anywhere in Canada.
|Visa holders have to wait a long time to get citizenship.||Residents only need 3 years of residence in Canada, which entitles them to apply for citizenship.|
Canada provides a number of options for work permission that either meet the same eligibility requirements as H1-B visas or give the foreign applicant the chance to continue their career in North America.