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Difference between an H1-B Visa for US and a Permanent Residency Visa for Canada

Visa holder has to leave US if he/she has been laid-off or if the company shuts down. Residents are free to take their own time to find another job.
Visa holders have to go back to their country if their Green Cards are not applied for before the 6-year limit on their H1-B expires. Residents receive a Permanent Residency Visa, which is similar to US Green Card when they land in Canada.
Visa holders face visa renewal risk when returning from traveling to another country. Residents are allowed to travel abroad as frequently as they wish.
Visa holder cannot change his/her sponsoring employer. Residents can change employers and locations at any time.
Visa holders are not permitted to start their own businesses. Residents can own businesses of their choice.
Visa holders cannot sponsor dependents other than spouse or children. Residents can sponsor other family members who are dependent on them.
(parents, brothers, sisters)
Spouse of visa holder has to arrange for sponsorship from potential employers
to work in US.
Spouse of resident also receives a Permanent Residency Visa. Therefore he/she
is also free to work anywhere in Canada.
Visa holders have to wait a long time to get citizenship. Residents only need 3 years of residence in Canada, which entitles them to apply for citizenship.


Canada provides a number of options for work permission that either meet the same eligibility requirements as H1-B visas or give the foreign applicant the chance to continue their career in North America.

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